Somali youth: a neglected generation

Somalia collapsed into anarchy following the over throw of military regime in
1991, since than Somali youth have been facing a lot of challenges, they have
been marginalized and excluded in decision making process even though these
decisions effecting their future.

According to {Somalia Human Development Report 2012}, the majority of
Somali youth believe they have a right to be educated (82%) and a right to
decent work (71%), they feel disempowered by multiple structural barriers built into the family, institutions, local government and society at large. in
addition the unemployment rate of Somali youth is over 65% It should be
noted that the social constructed systems that based on clannism hugely
effected these young people when it comes to opportunities.

Beside this many young people turned to participate the violent activities that
is going on the country and many others immigrated to European countries
risking their life just to get away civil war, find better education and better
place where they can live peacefully.

Nonetheless {IOM} argue that in order to tackle unemployment situation the
universities bear a responsibly to ensure that their students are adequately
prepared for the future and have the full skills necessary not just to perform a
job but also to apply for them. (Nexus, 2015).

Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General to Somalia, Peter de
Clercq. States that “We have contributed so far $38 million to 18 programs that
are dedicated to youth employment, youth empowerment and more youth
influence in politics, and we will continue to support the youth and the
government of Somalia in this very important objective”, some effort have been made so far but it is not enough, still the rate of unemployment is increasing day
by day, the youth empowerment, reducing unemployment rate, participation
of decision making and peace building process is needed to priorities
Our political, social and cultural leaders neglected their primary responsibility
of putting young generation in position of power, the central government and
the states that are member of federal government failed to create
opportunities for young generation.

To overcome the challenges these solution need to be implemented:

  • Engaging youth in decision making process
  • Preparing youth positive leadership roles
  • Empowering youth to become constructive citizens
  • Concerned authorities need to develop a policy that promote youth
  • participation efforts and other initiatives

Finally the last three decade have been tough to all Somali community
particularly to youth, despite these challenges there is unbelievable effort and
determination among young Somalis to fight for their right, to establish better
future for their selves and their country the young generation need to put their
effort to fight for their right, the young Somalis need a platform where they
can express their opinion freely while enhancing their capacity. If youth’s
awareness is raised the society will improve and the country will achieve it is

Mahbub Mohammad